Abu Musa Jabir bin Hayyan Bapak Ilmu Kimia Modern

11,558,409 kali dilihat, 267 kali dilihat hari ini

Kehebatan Abu Musa bin Jabir sulit disaingi oleh ahli kimia manapun hingga kini.

Berkat keahlian dan kepandaiannya dalam ilmu kimia, Abu Musa Jabir bin Hayyan atau dunia Barat menyebutnya Geber, dikenal sebagai “Bapak Ilmu Kimia Modern Dunia”.

Gelar itu diberikan oleh para ahli kimia di seluruh dunia, berkat kemampuan Abu Musa Jabir bin Hayyan dalam membuat eksperimen secara sistematis.

Dari eksperimen tersebut lalu muncul hukum perbandingan tetap.

Kehebatan Abu Musa bin Jabir sulit disaingi oleh ahli kimia manapun hingga kini.

Sebagian kalangan ilmuwan menyebutkan, bahwa jika ingin mencari asal usul perkembangan ilmu kimia di Eropa, maka pelajarilah secara langsung karya-karya Jabir bin Hayyan.

Abu Musa Jabir bin Hayyan mempelajari bidang pengobatan dan kimia di Kufah (Irak) pada zaman Khalifah Sultan Harun Ar-Rasyid.

Dan Abu Musa Jabir bin Hayyan juga pernah berguru pada Barmaki Vizier.

Sumbangan Besar Jabir Ibnu Hayyan

Ratusan karya monumental Abu Musa Jabir bin Hayyan mempercepat perkembangan ilmu kimia.

Sumbangan terbesar beliau dalam ilmu kimia, dengan lebih dari 100 risalah hasil tulisannya yang telah diabadikan sampai sekarang.

Abu Musa Jabir bin Hayyanlah yang memperkenalkan model penelitian dengan cara eksperimen di dunia kimia.

Oleh karena itu, Abu Musa Jabir bin Hayyan dipandang sebagai salah satu ilmuwan yang berperan besar bagi perkembangan ilmu kimia modern.

Abu Musa Jabir bin Hayyan banyak melakukan eksperimen dalam ilmu kimia untuk mencapai kemajuan dalam bidang penelitian.

Abu Musa Jabir bin Hayyan menemukan pengetahuan untuk pengembangan baja, anti karat, tinta emas, penggunaan bijih mangan untuk membuat gelas,  bahan pengering pakaian, penyamakan kulit, pelapisan bahan anti air  pada pakaian, serta campuran bahan cat dan pelumas.  

Abu Musa Jabir bin Hayyan juga mengembangkan cara pelumeran emas dengan aqua regia.

Selain itu, istilah alkali, pertama kali ditemukan oleh Abu Musa Jabir bin Hayyan.

Sementara itu, Abu Musa Jabir bin Hayyan juga ikut berperan besar dalam penyempurnaan proses kristalisasi, distilasi, kalsinasi, sublimasi, dan penguapan serta pengembangan instrumen untuk melakukan proses-proses tersebut.

Karya-karya Abu Musa Jabir bin Hayyan sangat banyak.

Bahkan, buku yang ditulis Abu Musa Jabir bin Hayyan menjadi sangat populer di Eropa selama beberapa abad.

Karya Abu Musa Jabir bin Hayyan antara lain: Kitab Al-Kimya (The Book of the Composition of Alchemy), Kitab Al-Sab’een, Kitab Al Rahmah, Al Tajmi, Al Zilaq al Sharqi, Book of The Kingdom, Book of Eastern Mercury, dan Book of Balance.

(www.ebookanak.com)

Kontributor:

  • Penulis: Nurul Ihsan
  • Penyunting: Nurul Ihsan
  • Ilustrator: Uci Ahmad Sanusi
  • Desainer dan layouter: Yuyus Rusamsi
  • Penerbit: Qultum Media (Jakarta, Indonesia)
  • Copyright: Nurul Ihsan/www.cbmagency.com

jasa ilustrasi, komik, layout/setting, dan desain grafis.

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